Lithium is a trace
element that is used in pharmacologic doses to treat bipolar disease.
While the level of lithium needed by the general population is
uncertain, an article published in the Journal of the American College
of Nutrition suggests the intake of 1 milligram lithium as a daily dose
for an adult weighing 70 kilograms. 1 According to the author, "The
biochemical mechanisms of action of lithium appear to be multifactorial
and are interrelated with the functions of several enzymes, hormones and
vitamins, as well as with growth and transforming factors." 1
short communication published in the European Journal of Clinical
Nutrition cites an association between higher drinking water lithium
concentrations and a decrease in the mortality ratio among 1,206,174
residents of Japan. The article also reports that exposure to a
relatively low concentration of lithium extends the life span of the
roundworm known as C. elegans. 2
works to stabilize the mood and reduce extremes in behavior by
restoring the balance of certain natural substances (neurotransmitters)
in the brain.
- Schrauzer GN. J Am Coll Nutr. 2002 Feb;21(1):14-25.
- Zarse K et al. Eur J Nutr. 2011 Aug;59(5)387-9.